Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are inflammatory bowel disorders that can be extremely painful, hindering, and occasionally even fatal. Common symptoms include diarrhea, cramping and pain in the abdomen, blood in the stool, ulcers, decreased appetite, loss of weight, and fistula or abscess. It is thought that the common causes of these disorders include heredity and an atypical immune system. Age between 20 and 30 years old, white race, family history, living in an urban area, and a history of smoking or isotretinoin usage are risk factors for these disorders. The distinction between the two illnesses is that ulcerative colitis continuously damages the rectum and large intestine’s inner lining; while Crohn’s disease Symptoms affect the digestive tract in areas and frequently extend deep into the layers of the tissues,
Since Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are classified under the condition named “Pravaahika” in the system of Ayurveda, which primarily bases its classification of diseases on symptoms, these two ailments have been included here for a shared review of their Ayurvedic therapy. Treatment aims to improve the body’s immune system, regulate symptoms, avoid or lessen consequences, and address the fundamental pathophysiology of the illnesses.
Medicines like Kutaj-Ghan-Vati, Kutaj-Parpati, Panchamrut-Parpati, Bilva-Avaleha, Sanjeevani-Vati, Bhallatak-Parpati, Jatiphaladi-Churna, Bol-Parpati, and Bol-Baddha-Ras are used to treat the primary symptoms. (Aconitum heterophyllum), Bilva (Aegle marmelos), Udumbar (Ficus glomerata), Hing (Ferula narthex), Kutaj (Holarrhina antidysentrica), Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Naagkeshar (Messua ferrea), and Bhallatak are herbal remedies that are effective in treating these diseases (Semicarpus Anacardium).
Medications like Praval-Bhasma, Naagkeshar, Sphatik-Bhasma, and Luxa (Purified wax) are used to stop bleeding. Castor oil has been given top priority in treating these illnesses. Crohn’s disease diet, Thus, medications containing it, including Sinhnaad-Guggulu and Gandharva-Haritaki, are taken in conjunction with other medicines. Patients with refractory conditions who do not improve are given a course of a special medicated enema known as “Pichha-Basti,” which is made of milk that has been cooked with medications like Moch-Ras (Salmalia malabarica).
It is significant to emphasize that appropriate lifestyle adjustments must be made to cope with these chronic diseases. Appropriate dietary changes must be made, and suitable relaxation strategies must be employed. In each of these cases, buttermilk and pomegranate juice are strongly advised.